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Why is it over exposed
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Oct 3, 2021 09:37:00   #
stant52 Loc: Williamsport, Pa.
 
I shot over 50 pictures at this cruise in . All of them but these 2 came out fine. But these 2 are definitely overexposed. I shot everything in aperture priority .
What did I do wrong on these 2 ?? Thanks

Oh I also attached one of the good pics for comparison , Thanks


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Oct 3, 2021 09:44:16   #
David Martin Loc: Cary, NC
 
You have a high contrast situation - the sky vs. the cars in the foreground. You spot metered on the cars, as a result of which the sky was overexposed. Matrix metering would have given a more balanced exposure. If you shot RAW, you may be able to recover some of the details in the sky.

In addition, you used a very high shutter speed - 1/3200 - for nonmoving objects, and as a result had to use a very high ISO of 12,800.

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Oct 3, 2021 14:43:05   #
robertjerl Loc: Corona, California
 
stant52 wrote:
I shot over 50 pictures at this cruise in . All of them but these 2 came out fine. But these 2 are definitely overexposed. I shot everything in aperture priority .
What did I do wrong on these 2 ?? Thanks

Oh I also attached one of the good pics for comparison , Thanks


Shutter speed and ISO way too high, if hand held use the reciprocal of the lens length, if on a tripod go down to about 1/200 max to freeze moving people or what ever will get your ISO to the native 100 or as close as you can get.
Set your aperture, set your shutter speed, put ISO on auto. Adjust SS to what you can hand hold or if on a tripod go down to about 1/200 or so to get your ISO as low as it can go. This was sunlight so your should have been able to get down to 100.

#1 the sky is way over exposed, I tried and didn't recover any detail. The cars and people were about right.
#2 sky a bit over exposed, I got some details and tweaked the cars and people
#3 under exposed I opened it up to what I see as normal It may not be normal for others as I am close to needing cataract surgery.

If you wish I can post my results. They are just a quick trip through Photo Shop, with the original RAW I bight get better skies.
But you need to avoid those extremely high SS, the ones you used are what I use for birds to partly freeze the wings.

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Oct 3, 2021 16:01:12   #
joecichjr Loc: Chicago S. Suburbs, Illinois, USA
 
stant52 wrote:
I shot over 50 pictures at this cruise in . All of them but these 2 came out fine. But these 2 are definitely overexposed. I shot everything in aperture priority .
What did I do wrong on these 2 ?? Thanks

Oh I also attached one of the good pics for comparison , Thanks


Lotta clouds up there ☁️☁️☁️☁️☁️

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Oct 4, 2021 03:51:32   #
Grahame Loc: Fiji
 
stant52 wrote:
I shot over 50 pictures at this cruise in . All of them but these 2 came out fine. But these 2 are definitely overexposed. I shot everything in aperture priority .
What did I do wrong on these 2 ?? Thanks

Oh I also attached one of the good pics for comparison , Thanks


You have used 'Spot Metering' and 'AF AUTO' (camera selects focus points based on subject/scene). An unusual combination to use.

I believe with Nikon, when in 'Spot Metering' and 'AF AUTO' the metering is based upon the 'centre' focus point of the whole frame, regardless of which actual focus points are chosen. The 'centre area' of both of the overexposed images is 'dark/darker', hence the resulting over bright skies.

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Oct 4, 2021 07:24:08   #
dpullum Loc: Tampa Florida
 
stant52, Ever heard of HDR? Too easy to treat our mod cameras and forget to take advantage of built-in processing.
https://www.easyhdr.com/examples/
https://www.digital-photo-secrets.com/tip/6725/what-is-auto-hdr/

I am an old fogie and have resisted my iPhone 8Plus features, that attitude changed this weekend when my lovely friend came in to stay the weekend... she is a modern iPhone, Internet, ToDay, lady and so my self-honor was at stake. My camera that makes phone calls has a list of settings... yep... went in and reading in the book I bought on iPhones... it is now set to take HDR+Normal, 4 shot when triggered.
https://iphonephotographyschool.com/hdr-iphone/

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Oct 4, 2021 08:50:19   #
imagemeister Loc: Stuart, Florida
 
dpullum wrote:
stant52, Ever heard of HDR? Too easy to treat our mod cameras and forget to take advantage of built-in processing.
https://www.easyhdr.com/examples/
https://www.digital-photo-secrets.com/tip/6725/what-is-auto-hdr/

I am an old fogie and have resisted my iPhone 8Plus features, that attitude changed this weekend when my lovely friend came in to stay the weekend... she is a modern iPhone, Internet, ToDay, lady and so my self-honor was at stake. My camera that makes phone calls has a list of settings... yep... went in and reading in the book I bought on iPhones... it is now set to take HDR+Normal, 4 shot when triggered.
https://iphonephotographyschool.com/hdr-iphone/
stant52, Ever heard of HDR? Too easy to treat our ... (show quote)


Sony cameras have been doing all this for quite some time now ......
.

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Oct 4, 2021 09:44:47   #
Fotoartist Loc: Detroit, Michigan
 
Your exposure is reasonably correct. But don't shoot a white sky. Lower your camera.

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Oct 4, 2021 09:45:22   #
Fotoartist Loc: Detroit, Michigan
 
Your exposure is reasonably correct. But don't shoot a white sky. Lower your camera.

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Oct 4, 2021 09:57:58   #
Bayou
 
Spot metering is the culprit. If the spot grabbed by the meter is dark, such as a dark blue car, or black asphalt, the meter will try to make that spot come out 18% grey. So it over exposes the entire image in an attempt to make the dark thing in the spot come out lighter than it really is.

I find almost no good use for reflective spot metering.

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Oct 4, 2021 12:51:14   #
kubota king Loc: NW , Pa.
 
I'm sorry you don't like the out put of the first two samples . If shot in raw format you should be able to make some adjustments to make them better .
I just wanted to tell you I love the old blue pickup and the paint color they used . And what look's like black cherry paint color for the corvette in the last photo .
Thanks for sharing , even if it was for a question you had .Tommy

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Oct 4, 2021 15:33:52   #
David Martin Loc: Cary, NC
 
stant52 wrote:
I shot over 50 pictures at this cruise in . All of them but these 2 came out fine. But these 2 are definitely overexposed. I shot everything in aperture priority .
What did I do wrong on these 2 ?? Thanks

If you shot in aperture priority mode at F/9, why did your camera shoot at 1/3200 sec and ISO 12,800?

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Oct 4, 2021 16:28:26   #
Grahame Loc: Fiji
 
David Martin wrote:
If you shot in aperture priority mode at F/9, why did your camera shoot at 1/3200 sec and ISO 12,800?


That's a good question.

Here's the Exif from the three shots posted taken from ViewNX, in order left to right of the pics posted. Note for the first two, the overexposed examples, the ISO is the same 1280. The only explanation I can think of is that somehow he is setting the 'minimum' ISO in 'Auto ISO' mode.


(Download)

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Oct 6, 2021 08:24:25   #
stant52 Loc: Williamsport, Pa.
 
David Martin wrote:
If you shot in aperture priority mode at F/9, why did your camera shoot at 1/3200 sec and ISO 12,800?


I don't know , I'm still learning the Nikon D7200. Evidently I need to read some more .

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Oct 13, 2021 16:10:38   #
Ninja01 Loc: Tampa, FL
 
Looks like the contrast range is too high for the camera to handle in some of the shots. Sky is burned out and shadows are blocked up. Usually, if you need to have detail in both shadow and bright highlight, you would shoot an HDR shot. In these photos I don't see anything in the sky that adds to the picture so cropping it out when you shoot would be a good solution. Spot metering is great if you need perfect exposure of a spot. Center weighted or matrix mode is more appropriate for these. Take your ISO off automatic and set it as low as you reasonably can. For this kind of photography ISO 100 or 200 would yield a useable shutter speed. about the only time I float(AUTO) the ISO is when I shoot in manual and light is changing a lot. Not a good idea to use Auto ISO and another automatic exposure setting.

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